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Referencing your work

You will find guides on how to use in-text citations and construct your reference lists in the table below.  Most courses use an LSBU version of the Harvard Referencing style, but there are some notable exceptions.  For example, the Psychology department uses APA, the Law department uses OSCOLA and Electrical Engineering uses the Numeric style.  If you are unsure which referencing style to use, please check with your lecturer.


Referencing is a very important part of your academic work.  Poor referencing may lead to charges of plagiarism.  To find out more about plagiarism and how to avoid it, please click here.

To test your knowledge of plagiarism, take the plagiarism quiz.

Referencing style

 Style Guide  Workbook Workbook answer sheets


Harvard Referencing

Harvard Referencing  

HSC Harvard Referencing         

ESBE Harvard Referencing  






Answers Numeric
APA  APA Answers APA

You may find the Harvard Referencing Generator site helpful.  However, please remember that it uses the standard Harvard style, not the LSBU version.  If in doubt, follow the LSBU helpsheet.

Referencing software

These web-based tools allow you to store your references in an online account and can help you to produce a reference list or bibliography in various referencing formats.  Some must be accessed via the library catalogue, as we have to pay a subscription; others are freely available online.

NB These tools are mostly recommended for those undertaking a major research project, as you will need to learn how to use them.

Title  Guide
Endnote Web  
Mendeley  Mendeley Guide
Refworks Refworks Guide
Word  Word Guide

Further help

If you need further assistance with referencing please come along to one of our drop-in referencing sessions, ask at the Research Help Desk on Level 3 Bridge, or contact the Information Adviser in your faculty.


You can also get help from the Skills for Learning team or check the VLE for Plagiarism tools under the Academic Services tab.

And finally...

If you notice anything in our helpsheet which is inaccurate, or which doesn't match the advice you have been given by academic staff, please let us know by contacting your Information Adviser.  We would also like to hear from you if you would like us to add something to any of our helpsheets.

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